Sires, Pallone Lead Letter Urging ICE to Protect Transgender Asylum-Seekers
Washington – Today, Representative Albio Sires (D-NJ), Chairman of the Subcommittee on the Western Hemisphere, Civilian Security, and Trade, was joined by Representative Frank Pallone, Jr., Chairman of the Committee on Energy and Commerce, and 32 other members of Congress in sending a letter to Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) Acting Director Mark Morgan expressing concern about the treatment of transgender asylum-seekers fleeing violence in Central America. Rep. Sires released the following statement:
“I am deeply disturbed by Immigration and Customs Enforcement’s policies and treatment toward transgender asylum-seekers. Transgender individuals fleeing the Northern Triangle do so as a last resort to escape the violence and persecution they face back home. Those who seek asylum deserve to have their requests taken seriously and to be treated humanely and fairly by U.S. authorities.”
Text of the Letter:
Acting Director Morgan:
We are gravely concerned regarding Immigration and Customs Enforcement’s (ICE) policies for individuals seeking asylum in the United States. Today, we write to express our strong concerns with ICE’s treatment of transgender migrants seeking asylum in the United States, especially those coming to the U.S. from El Salvador, Honduras, and Guatemala. We urge ICE to seriously consider the asylum claims of transgender migrants who demonstrate a well-founded fear of persecution based on their “membership in a particular social group” and adhere to its own policies regulating the treatment of transgender detainees.
Violence against the transgender community occurs at alarming rates in the Northern Triangle countries. Forced displacement of transgender people continues to escalate as a direct effect of this violence because of a lack of tolerance and understanding in their communities. Transgender communities – overwhelmingly poor and without access to social and economic development – have even less capacity to respond to threats of extortion and violence. With no legal framework to address forced displacement, public institutions are overwhelmed by the demand to support an ever-growing number of victims. In El Salvador, at least seven transgender women were killed in a five-month period in 2017. In Honduras, at least 97 transgender people have been murdered since 2009. And in Guatemala, five transgender women were killed in a two-month span in 2016. In such precarious situations, many transgender people are left with no other options but to flee their countries.
In some cases, transgender women have been murdered after they were deported once their asylum claims were denied. For example, reports indicate that Camila Díaz Córdova, a 31-year-old El Salvadorian, was kidnapped and beaten before she died on February 3, 2019 at a hospital in San Salvador. This tragedy occurred after she was deported from the U.S. a few months earlier. Ms. Díaz Córdova received persistent death threats for years, which she had documented in her asylum application.
Most recently, we have received disturbing updates about the case of Alejandra Barrera. Ms. Barrera is a 44-year-old transgender woman from El Salvador who requested asylum at the U.S.-Mexico border in November 2017 and has been held in detention by ICE ever since. Despite documented health conditions that require specialized care, she remains at the Cibola County Correctional Center in Milan, New Mexico, and has been denied humanitarian parole five times. As you continue to review these cases, we ask that you seriously consider the sensitive nature of these requests for asylum and grant humanitarian parole for Ms. Barrera and others who are similarly situated.
Transgender migrants face deplorable persecution and violence in El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras. We ask that you honor the longstanding reputation of the United States as a safe refuge for individuals who face persecution and violence. Specifically, we ask that you bring ICE into compliance with its stated policy for the treatment of transgender detainees. We further ask that you take tangible steps to protect the legal rights of transgender individuals who meet the necessary criteria to be considered for asylum.